Donnerstag 21st, Juni 11:54:11 Am
|32 jaar vrouw, Stier|
|Italienisch(Fließend), Französisch(Anlasser), Russisch(Gut)|
|Arrangeur, Spediteur, Richter|
|Freunde: MacManMark, loulou1974|
|Eine nachricht schicken|
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The Life and Work of Gunter Grass: Literature, History, Politics Home The Life and Work of Gunter Grass: Literature, History, Politics. The Life and Work of Günter Grass Literature, History, Politics Julian Preece Copyright material from www. DOWNLOAD PDF. Any person who does any unauthorised act in relation to this publication may be liable to criminal prosecution and civil claims for damages.
The author has asserted his right to be identified as the author of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act First published by PALGRAVE Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG21 6XS and Fifth Avenue, New York, N. ISBN 0———X This book is printed on paper suitable for recycling and made from fully managed and sustained forest sources. A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Preece, Julian. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0———X 1. Grass, Günter, — 2. Authors, German—20th century—Biography. R Z ‚. No reproduction, copy or transmission of this publication may be made without written permission. Copyright material from www. With Ute Grunert. Tasting soup for The Flounder. The writer at work on his old Olivetti. The artist with pipe and sketchpad.
With Heinrich Boll Meisel. Denys Dyer took me through Grass’s novels at university; David Constantine, who found he could not approve of my author’s ironic slipperiness, supervised my doctorate: my thanks go to both of them. My greatest intellectual debt is to Dieter Stolz who will disagree with much of what he reads here but without whom my arguments would have been much weaker. Reid with Heinrich Boll. Elisabeth Demleitner have been generous with advice and materials.
I am also grateful to Gunter allowing me to view his correspondence with Helen Wolff prior to its publication. My research has taken me to a number of libraries in the UK and Germany. Some material used in this book has been published elsewhere, albeitly usually in different form. Ein Werkstattbericht, ed. Fritze Margull : Four Decades. Zunge Zeigen. Ein Tagebuch in Zeichnungen, Prosa und einem Gedicht : Show Your Tongue.
Correspondence, interviews, and more recent articles by Grass are indicated separately. I give volume and page numbers after each quotation. SWEDEN BALTIC SEA Polish Corridor Mon Hiddensee Wewelsfleth Rugen Koningsberg Kaliningrad Usedom Hamburg Lubeck Pom Behlendorf era nia Danzig Gdansk EAST PRUSSIA Bremen Berlin Hildesheim Dusseldorf GDR BELGIUM Cologne tenla de Su LUX.
Wurzburg P O L A N D Silesia Breslau Wroclaw Wroctaw n FRANCE R. Vistula Copyright material from www. Anyone who survived the end of the war by chance, as I did, knows from experience of Germany that, however entertaining the present may be, it can never distract attention from the past. He never needed, unlike so many other Germans just a few years older, to hide, explain away, or falsify what he did as a young man.
After four years making his way in the devastated western zones of occupation, he was 21 when the Federal Republic of Germany the FRG came into being in May , 40 at the time of the student revolt, and in his 1 He was expelled from school twice for bad behaviour, a fact he attributes to the wartime breakdown in discipline but which attests also to a rebellious personality.
He did not have the opportunity to complete his school leaving exam, the Abitur. He has recalled this period many times: The military training lasted until about the end of February I ended up in a tank and I went up to the front at the beginning of March. A little later my tank was blown up by a mine and I was transferred to the infantry and took part in combat during the retreat.
Within two hours, no, under two hours, a third of our company, boys of sixteen or seventeen like me, had been killed or seriously wounded. And that continued up to 20 April, right up to Hitler’s last birthday. On that day, thank God, I was wounded, not far from Berlin. That is how I left the Eastern Front. Two of the three narrators in his second novel, Dog Years , Eddi Amsel and Walter Matern, are ten years his senior, thus old enough to have been responsible adults during the Nazi period.
They all have highly ambiguous attitudes towards their youth; none integrates successfully into postwar society, none marries or settles down to start a family. Rohl Military preparation camp. Shovel camp digging anti-tank ditches. Harvest camp bringing in potatoes or turnips, Flak camp, Work-Service camp. The time I spent at home in the last two years of the war, 44 and 45, took on the character of brief holidays.
We all had hard pre-military training from the age of ten. Route marches for hours and hours with full kit in the hot sun [. From the age of fourteen we did nothing but weapons training. But in the games the boys played in the schoolyard, they already mimicked the military heroics they saw on the newsreels. Nobody wanted to play the Reds, of course.
This is an insight, however, which came much later. After military hospital in American-occupied Marienbad, soon to be incorporated into the Soviet bloc as part of a reconstituted Czechoslovakia, he found himself in the summer of in an American POW-camp in Bavaria. The Americans took him to the concentration camp at Dachau.
Gradually, once the Nuremberg Trials got under way in the autumn of , he came to realise the monumentality of his error, a mental turnabout which would begin to power his creative work more than a decade later. This is a key event in his intellectual and emotional biography. It was above all an emotional event and emotions are never far below the surface in many of his public interventions.
Two events in fact occurred between Grass’s own seventeenth and eighteenth birthdays, both of which drove his creative energies once he began to write. According to his friend and fellow migrant, Salman Rushdie, Grass suffered a triple dislocation as a result of the wrench to the west. These thoughts and feelings were all the stronger for being unexplored yet allpervasive and largely unquestioned in the environment in which he had grown up.
In his novels, Grass fails to draw a clear dividing line between guilt and innocence, hero and villain. If they committed acts of opposition, they did so for the wrong reason. After , Grass was better equipped than most other West Germans to empathise with ex-GDR citizens accused of collaboration with the East German regime and the dreaded Stasi. First he divulged that he too has one or two teenage skeletons in his cupboard: A questionable stroke of luck, my year of birth, , forbids me from condemning others.
I was too young to be tested. And yet I could still be blamed for one thing: as a year-old I took part in a story competition organised by the Hitlerjugend magazine, Hilf-Mit! I started writing early and was dying to get noticed. But because I obviously had misjudged my audience and written some melodramatic fragment about the Cassubians, my luck held and I had no chance of getting a Hitlerjugend or a Hilf-Mit!
But what is rather more remarkable than that lesson in narrative technique is how closely he stuck to his adolescent theme. As I would have been old enough to be called up straight away, it is unlikely that I would have survived the war, like most born in Yet despite this probability there is no reason to think except wishful thinking that I would not have willingly turned into a convinced National Socialist. Suppressing my half-Cassubian background, from a petty-bourgeois family, educated to see Germany as my ideal, and sworn to the principle of purity, I would have let myself be carried away by the extensive war aims and have been happy to accept in the name of the community of the Volk that what was subjectively wrong was objectively right.
X His early literary career would have been sponsored by the Nazis. Involved in the shootings of partisans, reprisal raids, and clean-up operations, as a witness of Jewish deportations which no-one could not notice, I would have added some new tones to my late-Expressionist versifying [. The year-old Gunter shrapnel to swap with schoolfriends. Until that day, Stutthof, for instance, was the name of a small village on a coastal spit to the east of Danzig, separated from the city by the mouth of the Vistula, on either side of which perched the villages of Schwienenhorst and Nickelswalde, where the blood brothers Matern and Amsel grow up in Dog Years.
On the second day of the war work started on the Danzig side of Stutthof to build a concentration camp, the plans for which had evidently been laid carefully in advance. It was an ideal location, concealed by woodland and This is what happens to Oswald Brunies in Dog Years. Like all the Nazi camps, Stutthof was supplied by local businesses.
Grass’s paternal grandfather, who ran a small timber yard and carpentry workshop, like Harry Liebenau’s father, was no exception, as Grass recalls in a poignant verse: My grandfather’s circular saws could cut up a long bright morning into roof slats. Parts of barracks for transit camps. By January it was large enough to contain inmates. Heinrich Himmler visited in November by which time it took prisoners from all over Germanoccupied Europe.
A crematorium, which could dispose of ten corpses per hour, was built in September , a gas chamber was added at the beginning of , and the camp was still being extended at the time of the Soviet liberation.